Trenching and Excavation Safety
Two workers are killed every month in trench collapses. The employer must provide a workplace free of recognized hazards that may cause serious injury or death. The employer must comply with the trenching and excavation requirements of 29 CFR 1926.651 and 1926.652 or comparable OSHA-approved state plan requirements.
An excavation is any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in an earth surface formed by earth removal.
Trench (Trench excavation) means a narrow excavation (in relation to its length) made below the surface of the ground. In general, the depth is greater than the width, but the width of a trench (measured at the bottom) is not greater than 15 feet (4.6 meters).
For more information from OSHA on how to stay safe in a trench, click HERE.
The Importance of Driving Safely
An average of 119 persons died each day in motor vehicle crashes — one every 12 minutes. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for every age from 3 through 33. As we move about from home to work, or work to jobsite, or jobsite to jobsite; here are a few tips for safe winter driving according to OSHA.gov
Although employers cannot control roadway conditions, they can promote safe driving behavior by ensuring workers: recognize the hazards of winter weather driving, for example, driving on snow/ice covered roads; are properly trained for driving in winter weather conditions; and are licensed (as applicable) for the vehicles they operate.
Employers should set and enforce driver safety policies. Employers should also implement an effective maintenance program for all vehicles and mechanized equipment that workers are required to operate. Crashes can be avoided.
Employers should ensure properly trained workers inspect the following vehicle systems to determine if they are working properly:
- Brakes: Brakes should provide even and balanced braking. Also check that brake fluid is at the proper level.
- Cooling System: Ensure a proper mixture of 50/50 antifreeze and water in the cooling system at the proper level.
- Electrical System: Check the ignition system and make sure that the battery is fully charged and that the connections are clean. Check that the alternator belt is in good condition with proper tension.
- Engine: Inspect all engine systems.
- Exhaust System: Check exhaust for leaks and that all clamps and hangers are snug.
- Tires: Check for proper tread depth and no signs of damage or uneven wear. Check for proper tire inflation.
- Oil: Check that oil is at proper level.
- Visibility Systems: Inspect all exterior lights, defrosters (windshield and rear window), and wipers. Install winter windshield wipers.
An emergency kit with the following items is recommended in vehicles:
- Cellphone or two-way radio
- Windshield ice scraper
- Snow brush
- Flashlight with extra batteries
- Tow chain
- Traction aids (bag of sand or cat litter)
- Emergency flares
- Jumper cables
- Road maps
- Blankets, change of clothes
Stranded in a Vehicle
If you are stranded in a vehicle, stay in the vehicle. Call for emergency assistance if needed, response time may be slow in severe winter weather conditions. Notify your supervisor of your situation. Do not leave the vehicle to search for assistance unless help is visible within 100 yards. You may become disoriented and get lost in blowing and drifting snow. Display a trouble sign by hanging a brightly colored cloth on the vehicle’s radio antenna and raising the hood. Turn on the vehicle's engine for about 10 minutes each hour and run the heat to keep warm. Also, turn on the vehicle's dome light when the vehicle is running as an additional signal. Beware of carbon monoxide poisoning. Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow, and open a downwind window slightly for ventilation.
Watch for signs of frostbite and hypothermia. Do minor exercises to maintain good blood circulation in your body. Clap hands and move arms and legs occasionally. Try not to stay in one position for too long. Stay awake, you will be less vulnerable to cold-related health problems. Use blankets, newspapers, maps, and even the removable car mats for added insulation. Avoid overexertion since cold weather puts an added strain on the heart. Unaccustomed exercise such as shoveling snow or pushing a vehicle can bring on a heart attack or make other medical conditions worse
For information about driving safely during the winter, visit OSHA's Safe Winter Driving page.
21 Safety Rules for Working with Electrical Equipment
There are many hazards when working on a job site, especially when it’s under construction. It is always important to follow safe working practices and use proper safety equipment, especially when working with and handling electrical equipment.
According to the EEP - Electrical Engineers Portal, there are 21 safety rules for working with electrical equipment.
Rule no. 1 - Avoid contact with energized electrical circuits.
Rule no. 2 - Treat all electrical devices as if they are live or energized.
Rule no. 3 - Disconnect the power source before servicing or repairing electrical equipment.
Rule no. 4 - Use only tools and equipment with non-conducting handles when working on electrical devices.
Rule no. 5 - Never use metallic pencils or rulers, or wear rings or metal watchbands when working with electrical equipment.
Rule no. 6 - When it is necessary to handle equipment that is plugged in, be sure hands are dry and, when possible, wear nonconductive gloves, protective clothes and shoes with insulated soles.
Rule no. 7 - If it is safe to do so, work with only one hand, keeping the other hand at your side or in your pocket, away from all conductive material.
Rule no. 8 - Minimize the use of electrical equipment in cold rooms or other areas where condensation is likely.
Rule no. 9 - If water or a chemical is spilled onto equipment, shut off power at the main switch or circuit breaker and unplug the equipment.
Rule no. 10 - If an individual comes in contact with a live electrical conductor, do not touch the equipment, cord or person. Disconnect the power source from the circuit breaker or pull out the plug using a leather belt.
Rule no. 11 - Equipment producing a “tingle” should be disconnected and reported promptly for repair.
Rule no. 12 - Do not rely on grounding to mask a defective circuit nor attempt to correct a fault by insertion of another fuse or breaker, particularly one of larger capacity.
Rule no. 13 - Drain capacitors before working near them and keep the short circuit on the terminals during the work to prevent electrical shock.
Rule no. 14 - Never touch another person’s equipment or electrical control devices unless instructed to do so.
Rule no. 15 - Enclose all electric contacts and conductors so that no one can accidentally come into contact with them.
Rule no. 16 - Never handle electrical equipment when hands, feet, or body are wet or perspiring, or when standing on a wet floor.
Rule no. 17 - When it is necessary to touch electrical equipment (for example, when checking for overheated motors), use the back of the hand. Thus, if accidental shock were to cause muscular contraction, you would not “freeze” to the conductor.
Rule no. 18 - Do not store highly flammable liquids near electrical equipment.
Rule no. 19 - Be aware that interlocks on equipment disconnect the high voltage source when a cabinet door is open but power for control circuits may remain on.
Rule no. 20 - De-energize open experimental circuits and equipment to be left unattended.
Rule no. 21 - Do not wear loose clothing or ties near electrical equipment.
Slip, Trip & Fall Prevention
Protect Against the Third Leading Cause of Workplace Death
Slips, trips, and falls are a major cause of preventable injuries and deaths in the workplace; only motor vehicle incidents and drug overdoses cause more worker fatalities according to the National Safety Council.
Slips trips and falls happen everywhere – in retail stores, government offices, schools, manufacturing facilities, corporate offices and at home.
Here are some tips to prevent falls in the workplace.
- Clean up all spills immediately
- Stay off freshly mopped floors
- Secure electrical and phone cords out of traffic areas
- Remove small throw rugs or use non-skid mats to keep them from slipping
- Keep frequently used items in easily reachable areas
- Wear shoes with good support and slip-resistant soles
- Arrange furniture to provide open walking pathways
- Keep drawers and cabinet doors closed at all times
- Install handrails on all staircases on both sides
- Remove tripping hazards (paper, boxes, books, clothes, toys, shoes) from stairs and walkways
- Ensure adequate lighting both indoors and outdoors
- Remove debris from exterior walkways
- Periodically check the condition of walkways and steps, and repair damages immediately
- Never stand on a chair, table or other surface on wheels
Most accidents are preventable. Take the time to be safe in the workplace.
Use proper equipment and train others on safety prevention methods. Your coworkers, friends and family will thank you.
US Department of Labor Warns on Flood Water Cleanup
Hurricane Harvey brought catastrophic flooding to Texas and Louisiana last week, but it also brought heroic reactions from first responders and volunteers. As the flood waters recede, thousands of Americans are beginning the difficult work of cleanup and recovery.
If you’re cleaning up flood damage, check out our tips on staying safe. And remember: Most of these are general guidelines. But some operations – such as utility restoration, hazardous material cleanup, and search and rescue – should only be conducted by workers who have been properly trained.
- Stay Out of Flood Waters
- Avoid Electrical Hazards
- Safely Remove Debris
- Breathe Easy
- Keep Your Cool
- Avoid Wild Animals
Read details here: https://blog.dol.gov/2017/09/06/cleaning-staying-safe
Keep Safe in the Summer Heat!
Working in hot weather can be dangerous. The U.S. Department of Labor and OSHA remind employers and workers to stay safe before a heatwave begins.
Remember: Water. Rest. Shade. OSHA recommends frequent breaks in a cool or shady environment, and drinking water every 15 minutes. OSHA also urges employers to allow new workers to acclimate and build up resistance to the increased temperatures. A recent study of heat-related workplace fatalities found that most occurred during the worker’s first week on the job. For more information on heat illness and prevention, visit https://www.osha.gov/heat/
July is Skin Cancer Awareness Month
Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer in the United States; it’s also one of the most preventable forms of cancer and highly treatable when detected early. When working in the field, proper sun protection is importation. Remember to wear sunscreen. To learn more about safe sun exposure, visit the Skin Cancer Foundation.